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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________________to ___________________

Commission file number: 001-38703

VELODYNE LIDAR, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
83-1138508
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
5521 Hellyer Avenue
San Jose, CA
95138
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (669) 275-2251
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per shareVLDR
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants, each exercisable for three-quarters of one share of common stockVLDRW
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒
As of May 5, 2021, the registrant had 189,685,456 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.






VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Table of Contents

Page
Item 3.
Default Upon Senior Securities
Item 6.

1


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws and particularly in Item 2: “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These statements are based on the expectations and beliefs of management of Velodyne Lidar, Inc. (Velodyne) in light of historical results and trends, current conditions and potential future developments, and are subject to a number of factors and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include statements about the future performance and opportunities of Velodyne; statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations of Velodyne; and statements regarding future market opportunities, economic conditions or performance. Forward-looking statements may contain words such as “will be,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “project,” “believe,” “plan,” “could,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “pursue,” “should,” “target,” “likely” or similar expressions, and include the assumptions that underlie such statements.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements:

Velodyne’s future performance, including Velodyne’s revenue, costs of revenue, gross profit or gross margin, and operating expenses;
the sufficiency of Velodyne’s cash and cash equivalents to meet its operating requirements;
Velodyne’s ability to sell its products to new customers;
the success of Velodyne’s customers in developing and commercializing products using Velodyne’s solutions, and the market acceptance of those products;
the amount and timing of future sales;
Velodyne’s future market share;
competition from existing or future businesses and technologies;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Velodyne’s business and the business of its customers;
the market for and adoption of lidar and related technology;
Velodyne’s ability to effectively manage its growth and future expenses;
Velodyne’s ability to compete in a market that is rapidly evolving and subject to technological developments;
Velodyne’s ability to maintain, protect, and enhance its intellectual property;
Velodyne’s ability to comply with modified or new laws and regulations applying to its business;
the attraction and retention of qualified employees and key personnel;
Velodyne’s ability to introduce new products that meet its customers’ requirements and to continue successfully transitioning the manufacturing of its products to third-party manufacturers;
Velodyne’s anticipated investments in and results from sales and marketing and research and development; and
the increased expenses associated with Velodyne being a public company.
The foregoing review of important factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other risk factors herein discussed under Item 1A: “Risk Factors.” Forward-looking statements reflect current views about Velodyne’s plans, strategies and prospects, which are based on information available as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except to the extent required by applicable law, Velodyne undertakes no obligation (and expressly disclaims any such obligation) to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from these statements. Therefore, you should not place undue reliance on those statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
.

2



PART I. Financial Information

Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements

VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
March 31,December 31,
20212020
(Unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$155,205 $204,648 
Short-term investments228,408 145,636 
Accounts receivable, net13,469 13,979 
Inventories, net20,894 18,132 
Prepaid and other current assets12,043 22,319 
Total current assets430,019 404,714 
Property, plant and equipment, net15,541 16,805 
Goodwill1,189 1,189 
Intangible assets, net531 627 
Contract assets10,378 8,440 
Other assets19,934 937 
Total assets$477,592 $432,712 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$3,815 $7,721 
Accrued expense and other current liabilities30,187 50,349 
Contract liabilities9,388 7,323 
Total current liabilities43,390 65,393 
Long-term tax liabilities566 569 
Other long-term liabilities41,959 25,927 
Total liabilities85,915 91,889 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock  
Common stock
19 18 
Additional paid-in capital746,824 656,717 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(252)(230)
Accumulated deficit(354,914)(315,682)
Total stockholders’ equity391,677 340,823 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$477,592 $432,712 





See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Revenue:
Product
$10,593 $16,422 
License and services7,133 609 
Total revenue17,726 17,031 
Cost of revenue:
Product15,629 15,126 
License and services179 303 
Total cost of revenue15,808 15,429 
Gross profit1,918 1,602 
Operating expenses:
Research and development18,378 14,527 
Sales and marketing7,075 5,299 
General and administrative17,036 10,733 
Restructuring 1,046 
Total operating expenses42,489 31,605 
Operating loss(40,571)(30,003)
Interest income103 112 
Interest expense(36)(6)
Other expense, net (17)(165)
Loss before income taxes(40,521)(30,062)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes296 (6,677)
Net loss$(40,817)$(23,385)
Net loss per share:
Basic and diluted$(0.22)$(0.17)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share:
Basic and diluted189,222,807 137,911,975 






See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Net loss$(40,817)$(23,385)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Changes in unrealized gain on available for sale securities(11) 
Foreign currency translation adjustments(11)(2)
Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax(22)(2)
Comprehensive loss$(40,839)$(23,387)



















































See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)



Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
(Pre-Combination)
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock
(Pre-Combination)
Series B-1 Convertible Preferred Stock
(Pre-Combination)
Common Stock
(Pre-Combination)
Common Stock
(Post-Combination)
Additional Paid in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2020 $  $  $  $ 175,912,194 $18 $656,717 $(230)$(315,682)$340,823 
Issuance of common stock under warrant exercises— — — — — — — — 6,973,882 1 80,199 — — 80,200 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock award plans, net of taxes— — — — — — — — 6,798,504  (37)— — (37)
Share-based compensation— — — — — — — — — — 11,530 — — 11,530 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — — — — — — (22)— (22)
Adjustment for previously issued warrants (Note 9)— — — — — — — — — — (1,585)— 1,585  
Net loss— — — — — — — — — — — — (40,817)(40,817)
Balance at March 31, 2021$ $ $ $ 189,684,580 $19 $746,824 $(252)$(354,914)$391,677 
Balance at December 31, 2019, as previously reported8,772,852 $1 1,375,440 $ 1,375,440 $ 34,252,578 $3  $ $240,474 $(216)$(164,016)$76,246 
Retroactive application of the recapitalization(8,772,852)(1)(1,375,440) (1,375,440) (34,252,578)(3)137,911,975 14 (10)   
Balance at December 31, 2019, as adjusted        137,911,975 14 240,464 (216)(164,016)76,246 
Share-based compensation— — — — — — — — — — 21 — — 21 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — — — — — — (2)— (2)
Net loss— — — — — — — — — — — — (23,385)(23,385)
Balance at March 31, 2020$ $ $ $ 137,911,975 $14 $240,485 $(218)$(187,401)$52,880 


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss
$(40,817)$(23,385)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization2,053 2,171 
Reduction in carrying amount of ROU assets787  
Stock-based compensation11,530 21 
Provision for doubtful accounts1,682 314 
Other161  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(1,172)191 
Inventories, net(2,762)(154)
Prepaid and other current assets1,702 (4,676)
Contract assets(2,438) 
Other assets(2)98 
Accounts payable(3,856)4,591 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(3,867)(6,227)
Contract liabilities1,892 (6,232)
Net cash used in operating activities(35,107)(33,288)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property, plant and equipment(601)(829)
Proceeds from sales of short-term investments2,000  
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments7,000 2,200 
Purchase of short-term investments(91,932) 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(83,533)1,371 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Payment of transaction costs related to Business Combination(20,006)(25)
Proceeds from warrant exercises89,222  
Tax withholding payment for vested equity awards(37) 
Cash paid for IPO costs (634)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
69,179 (659)
Effect of exchange rate fluctuations on cash and cash equivalents18 (23)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(49,443)(32,599)
Beginning cash and cash equivalents204,648 60,004 
Ending cash and cash equivalents$155,205 $27,405 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$36 $6 
Cash paid for income taxes, net333 13 
Cash paid for operating leases1,119  
Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
Changes in accrued purchases of property, plant and equipment
$105 $103 
Assets held for sale reclassification
 4,746 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities340  
Transaction costs included in accrued liabilities5,000 592 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


VELODYNE LIDAR, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business, Background and Nature of Operations

Velodyne Lidar, Inc. (the Company, Velodyne or Velodyne Lidar) provides smart vision solutions that are advancing the development of safe automated systems throughout the world. The Company’s technology, which is used in various automotive and non- automotive applications, is empowering the autonomous revolution by allowing machines to see their surroundings in real-time and in 3D.

Graf Industrial Corp. (Graf), the Company’s predecessor, was originally incorporated in Delaware as a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC). On September 29, 2020 (the Closing Date), Graf consummated a business combination (the Business Combination) with Velodyne Lidar, Inc. (the pre-combination Velodyne). Immediately upon the consummation of the Business Combination, Graf merged into the pre-combination Velodyne, with the pre-combination Velodyne surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Graf changed its name to Velodyne Lidar, Inc. and the pre-combination Velodyne changed its name to Velodyne Lidar USA, Inc.

On September 30, 2020, Velodyne Lidar’s common stock and warrants began trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “VLDR” and “VLDRW,” respectively. Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our,” “Velodyne,” “Velodyne Lidar” and the “Company” refers to Velodyne Lidar Inc., the combined company and its subsidiaries following the Business Combination. Refer to Note 2 for further discussion of the Business Combination.

The Company has evaluated how it is organized and managed and has identified only one operating segment.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ( GAAP) for interim financial information. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The financial information included herein is unaudited, and reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, of a normal recurring nature and necessary for the fair presentation of the company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss, cash flows and stockholders’ equity for the interim periods presented, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for any future annual or interim period. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in its amended Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2020.

The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization as the pre-combination Velodyne was determined to be the accounting acquirer under Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)’s Accounting Standards Codification Topic 805, Business Combinations (ASC 805). In connection with the Business Combination, outstanding capital stock of the pre-combination Velodyne was converted into common stock of the Company, par value $0.0001 per share, representing a recapitalization, and the net assets of the Company were acquired at historical cost, with no goodwill or intangible assets recorded. The pre-combination Velodyne was deemed to be the predecessor of the Company, and the consolidated assets and liabilities and results of operations prior to the Closing Date are those of the pre-combination Velodyne. The shares and corresponding capital amounts and net loss per share available to common stockholders, prior to the Business Combination, have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Merger Agreement. The number of shares of preferred stock was also retroactively restated in shares reflecting the exchange ratio, and the carrying amounts of preferred stock are based on the fair value of its redemption amount on each reporting date. All preferred stock was converted into shares of the Company’s common stock on the Closing Date. Refer to Note 9, Stockholders’ Equity, and Note 11, Net Loss Per Share, for further discussion of the recapitalization and share adjustments.

Liquidity

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The Company has funded its operations primarily through the Business Combination, PIPE offering, private placements of the pre-combination Velodyne convertible preferred stock and sales to customers. As of March 31, 2021, the Company’s existing sources of liquidity included cash and cash equivalents of $383.6 million and available borrowing capacity of $25.0 million under a revolving credit facility. The Company has incurred losses and negative cash flows from operations. If the Company incurs additional losses in the future, it may need to raise additional capital through issuances of equity and debt. However, management believes that the Company’s existing sources of liquidity are adequate to fund its operations for at least one year from the date the audited consolidated financial statements were available for issuance.

Emerging Growth Company

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (Securities Act), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the JOBS Act), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has opted to take advantage of such extended transition period available to emerging growth companies which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

Concentration of Risk
Financial instruments that subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents, and short-term investments with high-quality financial institutes with investment-grade ratings. A majority of the cash balances are with U.S. banks and are insured to the extent defined by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
The Company’s accounts receivable are derived from customers located both inside and outside the U.S. The Company mitigates its credit risks by performing ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial conditions and requires customer advance payments in certain circumstances. The Company does not require collateral.

The Company’s concentration of risk related to accounts receivable and accounts payable was as follows:

March 31,December 31,
20212020
Number of customers accounted for 10% or more of accounts receivable
23
Number of vendors accounted for 10% or more of accounts payable
23

Two customers accounted for 45% and 47%, respectively, of the Company’s accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. One vendor accounted for 32% and 34%, respectively, of accounts payable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include standalone selling price (SSP) for each distinct

9


performance obligation in its customer contracts, total estimated future patents and their corresponding estimated development costs, total estimated costs and related progress towards complete satisfaction of performance obligation in certain services arrangements, allowances for doubtful accounts, inventory reserves, warranty reserves, valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, stock-based compensation, useful lives of property, plant, and equipment and intangible assets, income tax uncertainties, and other loss contingencies. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and also on assumptions that it believes are reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material to the Company’s consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

Significant Accounting Policies
Except for the change in certain policies upon adoption of the accounting standards described below, there have been no material changes to the Company's significant accounting policies, compared to the accounting policies described in Note 1, Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2020.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 840, Leases (Topic 840), and provides principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both lessees and lessors. Among its provisions, this standard requires lessees to recognize right-of-use (ROU) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheets for operating leases, and also requires additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures about lease arrangements. The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of 2021 using the modified retrospective method, under which the Company applies Topic 842 to existing and new leases as of January 1, 2021, but prior periods are not restated and continue to be reported under Topic 840 guidance in effect during those periods. Upon adoption, the Company recorded net ROU assets of $19.4 million and lease liabilities of $20.4 million and there were no cumulative effect adjustments as of January 1, 2021. The standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. See Note 6. “Leases” for further information.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This standard simplifies the accounting for income taxes by, among other things, eliminating certain exceptions related to the approach for intra-period tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. ASU 2019-12 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. Upon adoption, the Company must apply certain aspects of this standard retrospectively for all periods presented while other aspects are applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2021. The adoption of this new standard did not have a significant effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. The Company evaluates classification of leases at
commencement and, as necessary, at modification. As of March 31, 2021, all leases are classified as operating leases except for certain immaterial equipment finance leases. Operating leases, consisting primarily office leases, are included in operating lease ROU assets, other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent its obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.

Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized on the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made prior to lease commencement and excludes lease incentives. Variable lease payments not dependent on an index or a rate, are expensed as incurred and are not included within the ROU asset and lease liability calculation. Variable lease payments primarily include reimbursements of costs incurred by lessors for common area maintenance and utilities. The Company's lease terms are the noncancelable period, including any rent-free periods provided by the lessor, and include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that it will exercise that option. At lease inception, and in subsequent periods as necessary, the Company estimates the lease term based on its assessment of extension and termination options that are reasonably certain to be exercised. As the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments over the

10


lease term. The incremental borrowing rate is a hypothetical rate based on the Company's understanding of what its credit rating would be for a secured borrowing where the lease was executed. Lease costs are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

The Company does not recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases, which have a lease term of twelve months or less and do not include an option to purchase the underlying asset that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise.


Note 2. Business Combination and Related Transactions
On September 29, 2020, the Company consummated a business combination with the pre-combination Velodyne. Pursuant to ASC 805, for financial accounting and reporting purposes, the pre-combination Velodyne was deemed the accounting acquirer and the Company was treated as the accounting acquiree, and the Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization. Accordingly, the Business Combination was treated as the equivalent of the pre-combination Velodyne issuing stock for the net assets of Graf, accompanied by a recapitalization. Under this method of accounting, the consolidated financial statements of the Company are the historical financial statements of the pre-combination Velodyne. The net assets of Graf were stated at historical costs, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded, and are consolidated with the pre-combination Velodyne's financial statements on the Closing date. The shares and net income (loss) per share available to holders of the Company’s common stock, prior to the Business Combination, have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Merger Agreement.

In connection with the Business Combination, Graf entered into subscription agreements with certain investors (the PIPE Investors), whereby it issued 15,000,000 shares of common stock at $10.00 per share (the Private Placement Shares) for an aggregate purchase price of $150.0 million (the Private Placement), which closed simultaneously with the consummation of the Business Combination. Upon the closing of the Business Combination, the Private Placement Shares were automatically converted into shares of the Company's common stock on a one-for-one basis.

The aggregate consideration for the Business Combination and proceeds from the Private Placement was approximately $1.8 billion, consisting of (i) $222.1 million in cash at the closing of the Business Combination, net of transaction expenses, and (ii) 150,277,532 shares of common stock valued at $10.25 per share, totaling $1,540.3 million. The common stock consideration consists of up to (1) 143,575,763 shares of Company common stock, including shares issuable in respect of vested equity awards of the pre-combination Velodyne, plus (2) 2,000,000 shares of Company common stock earned due to the satisfaction of the Earnout Condition on July 30, 2020, including 187,861 Earnout RSUs, which are subject to a six-month service condition and are not legally issued and outstanding shares of Company common stock at Closing, plus (3) 4,702,304 shares of Company common stock that were issued to Velodyne equity holders that did not opt to have their respective shares repurchased by the pre-combination Velodyne for cash in a pre-closing tender offer conducted by the pre-combination Velodyne (the Pre-Closing Tender Offer). The Company used $1.8 million of the proceeds to repurchase and retire 175,744 shares of Company common stock from certain stockholders in the Pre-Closing Tender Offer.

In connection with the Business Combination, the Company incurred direct and incremental costs of approximately $29.1 million related to the equity issuance, consisting primarily of investment banking, legal, accounting and other professional fees, which were recorded to additional paid-in capital as a reduction of proceeds. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has $5.0 million of accrued transaction costs, consisting primarily of investment banking fees, in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheet.


Note 3. Revenue

Disaggregation of Revenues
The Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by geographic region based on the shipping location of the customer, type of good or service and timing of transfer of goods or services to customers (point-in-time or over time), as it believes it best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of its revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.
Total revenue based on the disaggregation criteria described above is as follows (dollar in thousands):


11


Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
% of Revenue% of Revenue
RevenueRevenue
Revenue by geography:
North America$5,044 28 %$9,253 54 %
Asia Pacific9,506 54 %5,624 33 %
Europe, Middle East and Africa3,176 18 %2,154 13 %
Total$17,726 100 %$17,031 100 %
Revenue by products and services:
Products$10,593 60 %$16,422 96 %
License and services7,133 40 %609 4 %
Total$17,726 100 %$17,031 100 %
Revenue by timing of recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time$16,670 94 %$16,724 98 %
Goods and services transferred over time1,056 6 %307 2 %
Total$17,726 100 %$17,031 100 %



In June 2020, the Company entered into a patent cross-license agreement related to its litigation settlement with a customer in Asia Pacific. Under the terms of the arrangement, the customer agreed to make a one-time license payment upon settlement, will make annual fixed royalty payments through 2023, and thereafter, will make product sales royalty payments through February 2030. In September 2020, Velodyne entered into another patent cross-license agreement related to its litigation with a different customer in Asia Pacific. The Company recorded license revenue of $6.4 million related to these patent cross-license agreements for the three months ended March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company recorded $3.6 million and $3.4 million, respectively, in current deferred revenue, and $13.9 million and $13.7 million, respectively, in long-term deferred revenue associated with the rights granted as part of these patent cross-license agreements to receive future patents as they represent stand ready obligations. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company also recorded $13.7 million and $11.3 million, respectively, of contract assets related to these patent cross-license agreements.

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
Contract assets primarily relates to unbilled accounts receivable. Unbilled amounts arise when the timing of billing differs from the timing of revenue recognized, such as when revenue recognized on the guaranteed minimums at the inception of the contract when there is not yet a right to invoice in accordance with contract terms. Unbilled amounts are recorded as a contract asset when the revenue associated with the contract is recognized prior to billing and reclassified to accounts receivable when billed in accordance with the terms of the contract.
Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue, customer advanced payments and customer deposits. Deferred revenue includes billings in excess of revenue recognized related to product sales, licenses, extended warranty and other services revenue, and is recognized as revenue when the Company performs under the contract. The long-term portion of deferred revenue, mostly related to obligations under license arrangements and extended warranty, is classified as non-current contract liabilities and is included in other long-term liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Customer advanced payments represent required customer payments in advance of product shipments according to customer’s payment term. Customer advance payments are recognized as revenue when control of the performance obligation is transferred to the customer. Customer deposits represent consideration received from a customer which can be applied to future product or service purchases, or refunded.
Contract assets and contract liabilities consisted of the following as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):


12


March 31,December 31,
20212020
Contract assets, current
Unbilled accounts receivable$3,313 $2,813 
Contract assets, long-term
Unbilled accounts receivable10,378 8,440 
Total contract assets$13,691 $11,253 
Contract liabilities, current
Deferred revenue, current$8,904 $7,143 
Customer advance payment484 180 
Customer deposit  
Total9,388 7,323 
Contract liabilities, long-term
Deferred revenue, long-term14,560 14,732 
Total contract liabilities$23,948 $22,055 

The following table shows the significant changes in contract assets and contract liabilities balances (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Contract assets:
Beginning balance$11,253 $ 
Transferred to receivables from contract assets recognized at the beginning of the period(2,813) 
Increase due to unbilled and recognized as revenue in excess of billings during the period, net of amounts transferred to receivables5,251  
Ending balance$13,691 $ 
Contract liabilities:
Beginning balance$22,055 $19,164 
Revenue recognized that was included in the contract liabilities beginning balance(1,434)(561)
Increase due to cash received and not recognized as revenue and billings in excess of revenue recognized during the period3,327 412 
Customer deposits reclassified to refund liabilities (6,083)
Ending balance$23,948 $12,932 
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company reclassified customer deposit of $6.1 million to refund liabilities and refunded the entire amount to a customer.

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Note 4. Fair Value Measurement
The Company categorizes assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheet based on the level of judgment associated with inputs used to measure their fair value. For assets and liabilities measured at fair value, fair value is the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which the Company would transact, and the Company considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability.
The three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are:
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or quoted prices in less active market. All significant inputs used in the valuations are observable or can be directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs are based on assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. The inputs require significant management judgment or estimation. The Company monitors and review the inputs to ensure the fair value measurements are reasonable and consistent with market experience in similar asset classes.

The following table summarize the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis, by level, within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):
March 31, 2021
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Cash equivalents:
Money market fund$56,101 $ $ $56,101 
Commercial paper 1,400  1,400 
Total cash equivalents56,101 1,400  57,501 
Short-term investments:
Commercial paper 174,039  174,039 
Corporate debt securities 54,369  54,369 
Total short-term investments 228,408  228,408 
Total assets measured at fair value$56,101 $229,808 $ $285,909 

December 31, 2020
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Cash equivalents:
Money market fund$74,107 $ $ $74,107 
Treasury bill and U.S. government and agency securities19,999   19,999 
Corporate debt securities 2,003  2,003 
Commercial paper 33,295  33,295 
Total cash equivalents94,106 35,298  129,404 
Short-term investments:
Commercial paper 122,265  122,265 
Corporate debt securities 23,371  23,371 
Total short-term investments 145,636  145,636 
Total assets measured at fair value$94,106 $180,934 $ $275,040 

Cash equivalents consist primarily of money market funds with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase, and the carrying amount is a reasonable estimate of fair value. Short-term investments represent highly liquid commercial paper and corporate debt securities with maturities greater than 90 days at the date of purchase. Marketable securities with maturities greater than one year are classified as current assets because management considers all marketable securities to be available for current operations.


14



Note 5. Balance Sheet Components

Accounts Receivables, Net
Accounts receivables, net consist of the following (in thousands):

March 31,December 31,
20212020
Accounts receivable$16,027 $14,855 
Allowance for doubtful accounts(2,558)(876)
Accounts receivable, net$13,469 $13,979 

Inventories, Net
Inventories, net of reserve, consist of the following (in thousands):

March 31,December 31,
20212020
Raw materials$6,927 $6,876 
Work-in-process2,735 4,347 
Finished goods11,232 6,909 
Total inventories$20,894 $18,132 

Prepaid and Other Current Assets
Prepaid and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):
March 31,December 31,
20212020
Prepaid expenses and deposits$4,912 $5,698 
Due from contract manufacturers and vendors2,468 2,944 
Prepaid taxes957 1,612 
Contract assets3,313 2,813 
Receivable from warrant exercises 9,074 
Other393 178 
Total prepaid and other current assets$12,043 $22,319 


15


Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
Property, plant and equipment, at cost, consist of the following (in thousands):
March 31,December 31,
20212020
Machinery and equipment$33,023 $32,688 
Leasehold improvements5,806 5,905 
Furniture and fixtures1,481 1,479 
Vehicles360 360 
Software1,357 1,357 
Assets under construction919 641 
42,946 42,430 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization(27,405)(25,625)
Property, plant and equipment, net$15,541 $16,805 
Finance lease equipment$888 $888 
Less: accumulated depreciation(425)(381)
Finance lease equipment, net$463 $507 

The aggregate depreciation and amortization related to property, plant and equipment was as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Depreciation and amortization on property, plant and equipment$1,957 $2,075 
Depreciation on finance lease equipment44 44 

Intangible Assets, Net
Intangible assets, net, consist of the following (in thousands):
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Book Value
As of March 31, 2021:
Developed technology$1,200 $669 $531 
As of December 31, 2020:
Developed technology$1,200 $573 $627 

Amortization of intangible assets is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Amortization of intangible assets$96 $96 

Other Assets
Other assets, non-current, consist of the following (in thousands):

16


March 31,December 31,
20212020
Operating lease ROU assets$18,993 $— 
Other941 937 
Total other assets$19,934 $937 

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 31,December 31,
20212020
Accrued payroll expenses$7,162 $11,877 
Accrued manufacturing costs8,219 8,003 
Accrued transaction costs5,000 25,057 
Accrued professional and consulting fees3,228 965 
Accrued warranty costs1,592 2,204 
Accrued taxes1,002 1,074 
Lease liabilities2,956 — 
Other1,028 1,169 
Total accrued expense and other current liabilities$30,187 $